言论英语网

it除了指代名词和作形式主语,还有哪些其他有用法?浅析it的用法

  在英语中,it这个词应用的还是比较广泛的,很多地方都会见到it的影子。在学习的过程中,记忆量很大,把握起来相对也比较复杂。所以,今天Stone老师就来聊一聊it在英语中的各种用法。一起来学习吧。
英语学习

01it的用法
  1.用来指代时间、距离、天气等
  It is half past two now.(指时间)
  现在是两点半了。
  It is six miles from here to the nearest hospital.(指距离)
  从这儿到最近的医院有6英里。
  It is a lovely day, isn't it?(指天气)
  天气很好,不是吗?
  2.用来代替指示代词this或that
  —What's this? —It's a panda.
  这是什么? 是只熊猫
  3.用来指代前方提到的事或没提到但说话双方都明白的事
  I had a talk with Mary and it was helpful.
  我和Mary谈了一次话,这很有帮助。
  4.不知道对方是谁或不知道性别。尤用于打电话、敲门和指代婴儿。
  There is a knock on the door, go to see who it is.
  有人敲门,你去看看是谁。
  Wow! What a lovely baby! Is it a he or she?
  哇!好可爱的宝宝啊!是男孩还是女孩?
  5.用作形式主语或形式宾语 。真正的主语或宾语用不定式、动名词或从句充当。
  It is dangerous for you to swim in the river.
  在河里游泳是很危险的。
  We feel it our duty to make our country a better place.
  我们觉得让我们的国家成为一个更加美好的地方是我们的责任。
  6.用于强调句中。It is / was +被强调部分+that / who
  It was at the palace ball that Mathilde lost her necklace last night.
  昨晚Mathilde是在皇宫舞会上丢的项链。
  7.常用it的固定短语或句型
  It is a pity / shame that真可惜
  It is no wonder that难怪
  It seems / appears that似乎
  It happens that碰巧
  It occurs to/ comes to / strikes / hits sb. that某人突然想起
  It is said / reported that所说
  It is no use / good doing做某事没有好处
  It is (high) time that......should do / did是该做某事的时候了
  It it the first time that sb. have / has done sth.是某人第一次做某事
  It is / has been......since 自从……已经……时间了
  It will be / was ......before还要……时间才
  It takes sb. some time to do sth. 做某事花费某人多长时间
  see to it that 确保

  count />  as someone puts it 正如某人所说
  when it comes to 提及;谈到
  appreciate it if如果……将不胜
  I take it that我的理解是

02常见的辨析
  it, one , ones, that, those
  it经常指代同一个事物,即与前文提到的事物是同一个。如
  I can't find my hat. I din't know where I put it. (it就指代前文的hat)
  one经常指代同个类事物,即与前文提到的事物是同一类。复数形式是ones。如
  Your pen is so beautiful. I also want to buy one.(one就指代前文提到的pen这类事物中的一个即可)
  4.that经常用于比较级中,指代一个单数或不可数名词,指代单数时可以与the one替换; 指代复数名词时用those。如
  The population of Shanghai is larger than that of Qingdao.(that指代population,不可数名词)
  The hat you bought is bigger than that I bought.(that指代hat,可数名词单数,可以与the one替换)
  The TV sets we made this year are better than those we made last year.(those指代TV sets,复数)
  好了,今天的内容就先聊到这儿吧!有任何疑问或者好的想法,我们评论区再见!

 

精彩评论:

 

赞 ()
分享到:更多 ()
留言与评论(共有 0 条评论)
   
验证码: